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Category: Problem solutions

My heads are gone!

My heads are gone!

Are you losing the heads of those images you’re generating in stable diffusion?

Try adding these keywords to your prompt:

  • “A view of”
  • “A scene of”
  • “Viewed from a distance”
  • “Standing on a “
  • “longshot”, “full shot”, “wideshot”, “extreme wide shot”, “full body”
  • start the prompt with “Head, face, eyes”
  • Try adjusting the aspect ratio of the image to be taller instead of wider. Be careful not to go too tall (or two wide) or you’ll get the double-head or start generating combinations of two people.
  • The source material has been scanned in a taller aspect ratio, try adjusting the x-side of your ratio
  • Use img2img on a crop that includes part of the chest to make it match the rest of the drawing
  • Cinematography terms tend to work well. In order of close to far: Extreme close-up, close-up, medium close-up, medium shot, medium full shot, full shot, long shot, extreme long shot.


Stable diffusion high quality prompt thought process

Stable diffusion high quality prompt thought process

Content warning: Some of the links have some moderately NSFW pictures. There is no outright nudity, but it does deal with generating rather busty images. This article should be fine, but be aware following the links.

While this guide is translated from a Japanese source and uses the Waifu/Danbooru model to generate more anime-looking models, it works really well for generating ultra-realistic Victorian pictures using stable diffusion’s standard 1.5 model. Here’s some I made using his prompt with just 30 minutes of experimenting:

Fair warning, the original author is trying to generate more…busty women that look better as anime characters under the Waifu model. I won’t comment on his original purpose, but I thought this was an interesting description of how a ‘prompt engineer’ moved from an idea to generating a stable diffusion prompt.

First he started with a good description of what he wanted:

I want a VICTORIAN GIRL in a style of OIL PAINTING
Eye and Face are important in art so she must have PERFECT FACESEXY FACE and her eye have DETAILED PUPILS
And in the style of {I’m not give out the artist names to avoid trouble. Apologize.}

This lead him to generate the following prompt. Note his use of parenthesize () to add emphasis, and terms inside square brackets [] to minimize the direction.

Prompt :

Unfortunately, you don’t need to experiment for long to realize stable diffusion needs a lot of help with anatomy. It often generates nightmare fuel images that that have multiple heads, messed up arms, hands with too many fingers, eyes with terrifying pupils (or no pupils), too many limbs – well, you get the idea. So you need to make sure those things don’t show up by banning them via setting the negative prompts (again, not commenting on original purpose):

Negative Prompt :
((nipple)), ((((ugly)))), (((duplicate))), ((morbid)), ((mutilated)), (((tranny))), (((trans))), (((transsexual))), (hermaphrodite), [out of frame], extra fingers, mutated hands, ((poorly drawn hands)), ((poorly drawn face)), (((mutation))), (((deformed))), ((ugly)), blurry, ((bad anatomy)), (((bad proportions))), ((extra limbs)), cloned face, (((disfigured))). (((more than 2 nipples))). [[[adult]]], out of frame, ugly, extra limbs, (bad anatomy), gross proportions, (malformed limbs), ((missing arms)), ((missing legs)), (((extra arms))), (((extra legs))), mutated hands, (fused fingers), (too many fingers), (((long neck)))

Finally, he made these settings to the stable diffusion settings. Note you want to keep the aspect ratio in a portrait-like format (768 tall x 512 wide). Going taller can result in multiple heads, going wider can result in more than one person in the scene.

Restore Face: ON
Steps: 42
Sampler: DDIM
CFG scale: 10
Height: 768
Width: 512


Expanding and enhancing Stable Diffusion with specialized models

Expanding and enhancing Stable Diffusion with specialized models

Now that you have Stable Diffusion 1.5 installed on your local system, have learned how to make cool generative prompts, it might be time to take the next step of trying different latent models.

There is more than one model out there for stable diffusion, and they can generate vastly different images:

Check out this article to learn how to install and use different popular models you can use with stable diffusion:

  • F222 – People found it useful in generating beautiful female portraits with correct body part relations. It’s quite good at generating aesthetically pleasing clothing.
  • Anything V3 – a special-purpose model trained to produce high-quality anime-style images. You can use danbooru tags (like 1girl, white hair) in text prompt.
  • Open Journey – a model fine-tuned with images generated by Mid Journey v4.
  • DreamShaper – model is fine-tuned for portrait illustration style that sits between photorealistic and computer graphics
  • Waifu-diffusion – Japanese anime style
  • Arcane Diffusion – TV show Arcane style
  • Robo Diffusion – Interesting robot style model that will turn everything your subject into robot
  • Mo-di-diffusion – Generate Pixar-like style models
  • Inkpunk Diffusion – Generate images in a unique illustration style
Better stable diffusion and AI generated art prompts

Better stable diffusion and AI generated art prompts

Now that you have stable diffusion on your system, how do you start taking advantage of it?

One way is to try some sample prompts to start with. Techspot has some good ones (halfway through the article) to whet your appetite.

You can get inspiration by looking at good examples on free public prompt marketplaces.

Then you might want to learn how to fix some common problems.

When you’re really ready to dive in, this article from Metaverse gives you a list of excellent getting started guides to help get you from beginner to proficient in generating your own awesome art.

The key to it all is learning the syntax, parameters, and art of crafting AI prompts. It’s as much art as it is science. It’s complex enough that there are everything from beginner examples, free guides, tools to help, all the way to paid marketplaces.

Learning gotten a lot better in the last 6 months since people started learning how to use AI generated prompts last year.

Installing Stable Diffusion 1.5

Installing Stable Diffusion 1.5

To install Stable Diffusion 1.5 (released Oct 20, 2022) locally, I found this video was really excellent – except for a few points:

  1. You MUST use python 3.10.6 (I used 3.9.7 as recommended). The latest version (as of Feb 2023) is Python 3.11.1 – which stable diffusion does NOT seem to like and won’t run.

You might also want to read through this older stable diffusion 1.4 install guide, but he uses model checkpoints which haven’t been updated since version 1.4.

Gotchas and Fixes:

  • If you have an incompatible version of Python installed when you try to run webui-user.bat for the first time, stable diffusion will set itself up to point at this bad python version directory. Even if you uninstall and install the correct python version, stable diffusion will still look at the wrong python version. You can go fiddle with the different setup files – but it’s faster just to blow away the pulled git source at the top level and re-pull it to ensure you don’t have cruft laying around.

Installer Links:

Stable diffusion 2.0 was…well…

Stable diffusion 2.0 was…well…

Stable Diffusion 2.0 seems to have been a step backwards in capabilities and quality. Many people went back to v1.5 for their business.

The difficulty in 2.0 was in part caused by:

  1. Using a new language model that is trained from scratch
  2. The training dataset was heavily censored with a NSFW filter

The second part would have been fine, but the filter was quite inclusive and has removed substantial amount of good-quality data. 2.1 promised to bring the good data back.

Installing Stable Diffusion 2.1

If you’re interested in trying Stable Diffusion 2.1, use this tutorial to installing and use 2.1 models in AUTOMATIC1111 GUI, so you can make your judgement by using it.

You might also try this tutorial by TingTing


Introduction to writing stable diffusion prompts

Introduction to writing stable diffusion prompts

HowToGeek has a wonderful little introduction on how to start write your first Stable Diffusion prompts.

Update 02-2023: Here’s 10 really amazing resources to help you to generate really great prompts and art.

They start with some simple AI image generation and move on to more and more complex examples that includes a brief introduction to some key parameters, changing and including broader image sources, and then generating various famous artistic styles.

They finish out the intro with some links to help you learn more:

  • Lexica — a repository of images generated using Stable Diffusion and the corresponding prompt. Searchable by keyword.
  • Stable Diffusion Artist Style Studies — A non-exhaustive list of artists Stable Diffusion might recognize, as well as general descriptions of their artistic style. There is a ranking system to describe how well Stable Diffusion responds to the artist’s name as a part of a prompt.
  • Stable Diffusion Modifier Studies — a list of modifiers that can be used with Stable Diffusion, just like the artist page.
  • The AI Art Modifiers List — A photo gallery showcasing some of the strongest modifiers you can use in your prompts, and what they do. They’re sorted by modifier type.
  • Top 500 Artists Represented in Stable Diffusion — We know exactly what images were included in the Stable Diffusion training set, so it is possible to tell which artists contributed the most to training the AI. Generally speaking, the more strongly represented an artist was in the training data, the better Stable Diffusion will respond to their name as a keyword.
  • The Stable Diffusion Subreddit — The Stable Diffusion subreddit has a constant flow of new prompts and fun discoveries. If you’re looking for inspiration or insight, you can’t go wrong.


Prevent Windows 10 from automatically upgrading you to Windows 11

Prevent Windows 10 from automatically upgrading you to Windows 11

Nobody seems to want to upgrade from Windows 10 to Windows 11. Now late 2022, only about 15% of users have upgraded or bought machines with Windows 11 – despite it being out for well over a year. Even the Steam Hardware Survey indicates a 28% install rate on some of the newest/highest end gaming systems.

There’s a whole host of gripes about Windows 11. There have been performance and compatibility issues that are not present on Windows 10. Others greatly dislike the UI changes (this is my big gripe). Still others mention being told their hardware is incompatible. However, you may, like many others, find yourself FORCED to upgrade to Windows 11 whether you want to or not. Windows has a nasty habit of pushing such upgrades without asking.

If you want to make sure you don’t get a Windows 11 upgrade but still keep getting Windows 10 updates, you can try this trick:

First, navigate to Windows Update, then hit Pause Updates on that page.

Run services.msc, find the Windows Update service and Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS), right click on them and pick Stop.

Next, browse to C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution\, and delete the contents.

That is it. The two services will eventually restart on their own, and next time it checks for updates it will only get Windows 10 updates.

Edit – If you want an extra layer of assurance, run the tool InControl from GRC, this free utility changes a few Microsoft sanctioned registry keys to specify what version and feature update of Windows you want to remain on. There are also details on those registry keys for those that would rather manually configure it themselves:


Libby stinks, I want my Overdrive

Libby stinks, I want my Overdrive

Overdive Media pulled their app for PC Windows 10/11 in February 23, 2022. Unfortunately, their new app, Libby, doesn’t allow you to actually download and listen to the mp3’s on your Windows desktop.

I seemed to have 2 copies of the app and they do seem to still work as of Dec 2022.

Download links:

ODMediaConsoleSetup.msi version 3.6.0 – Copyright 2016 Overdrive, Inc.

ODMediaConsoleSetup.msi version 3.2.0 from software.informer